Instrument Type Abbreviations in indexes

In most index pages on this Website, the first or only line of each entry usually ends with an abbreviated indication of the type of instrument beiong referenced.  (For indexes to a single type of instrument, this indication is omitted as unnecessary.)  Those abbreviations are explained briefly in the following table, and more extensively below.

Short definitions:

  trad      - traditional carillon
  trad#     - traditional carillon now,
              but was a chime at the date cited
  trad*     - traditional carillon now,
              but had some other mechanism at the date cited
  non-trad  - carillon with non-traditional mechanism
  non-trad# - carillon with non-traditional mechanism now,
              but was a chime at the date cited
  non-trad* - carillon with non-traditional mechanism now,
              but had a traditional keyboard at the date cited
  hybrid    - carillon with baton keyboard but electric action
  mech?     - carillon-sized instrument with unknown mechanism;
              might be traditional or non-traditional
  chime     - chime (any mechanism except peals, rings and zvons)
  chimola   - chime of hemispheric bells (any mechanism)
  peal      - chime-sized set of free-swinging bells
  ring      - bells hung for change ringing (chime-sized)
  ring/V    - Veronese ring (in Italy only)
  ring*     - ring that has been converted to a chime
  zvon      - chime hung and rung in the Russian style as used in Orthodox churches
  tubular   - carillon-sized or chime-sized instrument
              made of heavy-gauge tubular bells
  great     - great bell (over 4 tonnes weight) not in a chime or carillon;
  .../great - great bell included in a larger instrument (specified ...)
  (...)...  - instrument was replaced; link is to a later entry for the same site
  [...]     - instrument is defunct and was not replaced; 
              link is to "sites that are no more"
Type abbreviations with "#" or "*" appended are found only in bellfoundry indexes, and reflect physical changes between the year of casting and the latest technical information available about that instrument.

Expanded definitions:

Unless otherwise specified, all bells in all types of instruments are hung "dead", i.e., do not swing.

trad
traditional carillon - at least 23 bells, with baton keyboard and mechanical action

non-trad
non-traditional carillon - any mechanism except baton keyboard

hybrid
hybrid carillon - at least 23 bells, with baton keyboard but electric action

mech?
carillon-sized instrument with unknown mechanism, which might be either traditional or non-traditional; for the moment, these may be listed in both "trad" and "non-trad" type-specific indexes.

chime
an instrument of 8 to 22 bells, regardless of mechanism (excluding chimolas, peals, rings and zvons, all of which are separately identified)

chimola
a chime made of hemispherical bells

peal
set of bells hung to swing, each at its own natural frequency; can be motor-driven or manually swung, but not full circle

ring
five or more tower bells hung for change-ringing (English style, swinging in a full circle)

zvon
chime hung and rung in the Russian style as used in Orthodox churches (non-swinging, non-diatonic, rung by hand with clapper ropes)

tubular
carillon-sized or chime-sized instrument made of heavy-gauge tubular bells
All carillon-sized tubular-bell instruments have electric action, and hence are classified as non-traditional.

coll
collection - a group of unrelated bells, not forming a musical instrument of any kind; not classified as either carillon-sized or chime-sized

For more information about instrument types, see the Glossary.


Return to Indexes to bellfoundries.


This page was created on 30-Jul-15 and last updated on 29-Jul-16.

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