Tower bells of the Kremlin,
Moscow (Moskva), Russia
The old central fortress (or Kremlin) of the ancient capital city of Russia
is unique in the number, size and significance of of its tower bells and bell instruments.
While those are individually treated in detail elsewhere on this Website,
their proximity to each other gives reason to view them collectively; hence this page.
They are as follows:
- The Tsar Bell, largest in the world
(though broken before it ever rang), sits on a low pedestal near the structures
containing the companions which it was intended to join...
- The Ivan Veliki (Ivan the Great) Bell Tower complex, consisting of the Tower,
the Uspenskiy (Assumption) Belfry and the Filaret Annex,
now houses an immensely heavy 21-bell zvon;
other bells which used to be part of the zvon were taken down in the Stalinist era.
- The Spasskaya (Saviour) Tower, which stands above the main entrance to the Kremlin
from Red Square, houses an old Dutch-made carillon.
- The Spasskaya Tower also houses a much newer bar chime
(i.e, a chime made with flat bars).
Weblinks to pages or photographs which treat those bells or instruments individually
are cited on the appropriate pages, linked above.
Weblinks to pages or photographs which include or relate to two or more of those bells
or instruments or towers are listed here:
It is possible that other towers on the walls of the Kremlin house additional bells or
bell instruments which have not yet been adequately documented.
History records that a second Dutch-made carillon was shipped to the Kremlin centuries ago,
but its fate is unknown.
Current histories make passing mention of clocks and/or chimes having once been installed
elsewhere in the Kremlin's towers, but what they really were and whether they survived
the purges of the Stalinist era are likewise unknown.
Clearly, much research remains to be done in and about this marvelous and fascinating place.
Return to the Russian section
of the European index to all tower bell instruments.
[TowerBells Home Page]
[Site data top page]
[Credits and Disclaimers]
This page was created 2006/12/02.
Please send comments or questions to