Great bells of Europe
by weight

The table below lists 135 present or formergreat bells of continental Europe, in descending order by weight.  This region includes the island of Malta but excludes Russia and the British Isles, which are listed separately.  It includes the bass bells of the heaviest carillons and chimes.  Not yet included are many other great bells of France, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Spain weighing between 4000 and 14000 kg. 

Below the table are comments and analysis by the compiler of this page.

Appearances indicate:

destroyed or recast
bass bell of a carillon
bass bell of a chime

(Chime-sized peals and zvons are not highlighted.)

"Nr" = sequence number, and also a link to the corresponding expanded description of the bell in either the Great Bells of Europe by Country or the Great Bells of Germany.  Bells of the same (estimated) weight share a sequence number, and are distinguished by a capital letter appended to it (e.g., 11A, 11B).


Nr Place, name Weight Cast Lost Founder
1. Köln (Cologne), Germany, Dom (Cathedral), "Kaiserglocke" ~27800 kg 1874 1918 Andreas Hamm
2. Köln (Cologne), Germany, Dom (Cathedral), "Petersglocke" (bass bell of a peal) 24200 kg 1923   Heinrich Ulrich
3. Rovereto, Italy, "Maria Dolens" 22639 kg 1964   Paolo Capanni
4. Wien (Vienna), Austria, "Die Pummerin" 20132 kg 1951   Karl Geisz
5. Lisbon, Portugal, Cathedral ~20000 kg 1556   ?
6. Rouen, France, Cathedral, "Jeanne d'Arc" (#1) 20000 kg 1914 1944 Paccard
7. Paris, France, Basilique Sacré-Coeur de Montmartre, "la Savoyarde" 18835 kg 1891   Georg Paccard
8. Bruneck/Brunico, Italy, "Concordia 2000" 18100 kg 2002   F.Oberascher
9. Sens, France, Cathedrale St.Étienne, "la Savinienne" 16230 kg 1560   Gaspard Mongin-Viard
10. Tallinn, Estonia, Alexander Nevsky Orthodox Cathedral (bass bell of a zvon) 15665 kg 1898   Vassily Orlov
11A. Stary Lichen, Poland, Basilica of Our Lady of Lichen, "Maryja Bogurodzica" ~15000 kg 1995?   ?
11B. Bochum, Germany, Town Hall 15000 kg 1867   Bochumer Verein
13. Toledo, Spain, Cathedral, "San Eugenio" ~14564 kg 1753   Alejandro Gargollo
14. Salzburg, Austria, Cathedral 14256 kg 1961   Oberascher
15. Neustadt, Germany, Stiftskirche 14000 kg 1949   Bochumer Verein
16. Sens, France, Cathedrale St.Étienne, "la Potentienne" 13660 kg c.1560   ?
17. Praha (Prague), Czech Republic, St.Vitus Cathedral, "Sigismund" 13500 kg 1543
or 1548?
  Thomas Jarusch
18. Magdeburg, Germany, Cathedral, "Maxima" 13300 kg 1702   Johann Jacobi
19. Messina, Italy, Tempio de Cristo Re 13200 kg 1935   Daciano Colbachini
20. Mount Athos, Greece, St.Panteleimon Monastery ~13000 kg c.1890   (Russian)
21. Paris, France, Notre Dame Cathedral, "Emmanuel" 12800 kg 1685   Nicholas Chappelle & I.Gillot & E.Moreau
22. Sofia, Bulgaria, Alexander Nevski Cathedral 12000 kg ????   (unknown)
23. Frankfurt a/M, Germany, Dom (Cathedral) 11950 kg 1877   J. G. Grosse
24. Stary Lichen, Poland, Basilica of Our Lady of Lichen, "Josef" 11600 kg 1999   Felczynscy
25. Dresden, Germany, Kreuzkirche 11510 kg 1899   Franz Schilling
26. Berg, Germany, Private estate 11460 kg 2003   Bachert
27. Erfurt, Germany, Cathedral, "Maria Gloriosa" 11450 kg 1497   Gerard van Wou
28A. Cracow, Poland, Cathedral, "Sigismund" 11000 kg 1520   Hans Beham
28B. Vatican City, St.Peter's Basilica ~11000 kg 1786   Guiseppe Valadrier
28C. Kiev, Ukraine, St.Sophia's Cathedral ~11000 kg 1704   Afanasiy Petrovich
31. Valletta, Malta, "Memorial Siege Bell" 10898 kg 1992   Taylor
32A. Köln (Cologne), Germany, Dom (Cathedral), "Pretiosa" (second bell of a peal) ~10500 kg 1448   Brodermann & Cloit
32B. Mafra, Portugal, Palace (clock bell) ~10500 kg ?   ?
32C. Metz, France, Cathédrale, "la Mutte" ~10500 kg 1605   several
35. Reims, France, Cathédrale, "Charlotte" 10435 kg 1570   ?
36. Wien (Vienna), Austria, Stephansdom, , "Die Pummerin" (#1) 10400 kg 1558? 194_ ?
37. Hannover, Germany, Marktkirche 10360 kg 1960   F.W.Schilling
38. Mösern, Tirol, Austria, "Peace Bell" ~10180 kg 1997   Grassmayr
39A. Gifhorn, Germany, Open Air Museum, "Freiheitsglocke" 10100 kg 2007   Eijsbouts
39B. Scheyern, Germany, Klosterkirche Hl. Kreuz, "Christus Salvator" (bass bell of a peal) 10100 kg 2009   Perner
41. Pamplona, Spain, Cathedral, "María, La Mayor" ~10060 kg 1584   Pedro de Villanueva
42. Rouen, France, Cathedral, "Jeanne d'Arc" (#2) 10000 kg 1951 or 1959?   Paccard
43. Bern, Switzerland, Münster 9940 kg 1611   A.Zehnder & P.Füssli
44. Dordrecht, Zuid Holland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (bourdon of a carillon) 9830 kg 1999   Eijsbouts
45. Berlin, Germany, Schöneberg Rathaus (City Hall), "Freedom Bell" 9652 kg 1950   Gillett & Johnston
46. Mafra, Portugal, Palace (bourdon of south tower carillon) ~9640 kg 1730   Willem Witlockx
47A. Köln (Cologne), Germany, Kunibertkirche 9600 kg 1990   Eijsbouts
47B. Berlin, Germany, Olympic Stadium, "Olympic Bell" (original) 9600 kg 1936   Bochumer Verein
49. Budapest, Hungary, St.Stephan's Basilica 9250 kg year?   Perner
50. Arnhem, Gelderland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (bourdon of a carillon) 9200 kg 1994   Petit & Fritsen
51. Innsbruck, Austria, Jesuitenkirche 9050 kg 1959   Grassmayr
52. Mafra, Portugal, Palace (bourdon of north tower carillon) ~9025 kg 1730   Nicolas Levache
53. Strasbourg, France, Cathedrale Notre Dame, "Grande Cloche" 8900 kg 1427   ?
54. Mechelen, Antwerpen, Belgium, Sint-Romboutstoren (lower belfry) (sub-bourdon of a carillon) 8884 kg 1???   ?
55. Delft, Netherlands, Oude Kerk ~8750 kg 1570   Henrich van Trier
56. Milano, Italy, "Maria Nascenta" ~8600 kg 1582   Giovanni Battista Busca
57. Mechelen, Antwerpen, Belgium, Sint-Romboutstoren (upper belfry) (bourdon of a carillon) 8160 kg 1981   Eijsbouts
58A. Pyhäsalmi, Finland, Vaskikello (steel) ~8000 kg 1928   Schilling & Lattermann
58B. Kiev, Ukraine, Cathedral (bourdon of a carillon) ~8000 kg 1997   ?   (Ukrainian)
58C. Maredsous, Namur, Belgium, Benedictine abbey church, "Elizabeth" ~8000 kg 1952   Causard or Slegers-Causard
58D. Muenchen, Bayern, Germany, Dom, "Susanna" ~8000 kg 1490   Hanns Ernst
62A. Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands, Grote Kerk, "Salvator" (Bourdon of a peal) 7850 kg 1577   Henrich van Trier
62B. Passau, Germany, Stephansdom, "Pummerin" 7850 kg 1951   Perner
64A. Berlin, Germany, Kongresshalle (bourdon of a carillon) 7820 kg 1987   Eijsbouts
64B. Meissen, Germany, Dom 7820 kg 1928   Schilling (Apolda)
66. Catania, Sicily, Italy, Cathedral 7616 kg 1614   Giacomo Sanfilippo e Figli
67. Hamburg, Germany, "Millennium bell" 7542 kg 2000   Bachert
68. Valencia, Valenciana, Spain, "La Micalet" ~7514 kg 1539   Lluís Trilles
69. Amsterdam, Noord Holland, Netherlands ~7500 kg 1636   Assueris Koster
70. Neustadt, Germany, Stiftskirche (2nd of a peal) 7350 kg 1949   Bochumer Verein
71. Fribourg, Switzerland, Cathedral, "Marienglocke" 7300 kg 1505   Petrus Monturiolis
72. Innsbruck, Austria, Cathedral 7168 kg 1???   Grassmayr
73. Leuven, Brabant, Belgium, University Library (bourdon of a carillon) 7096 kg 1928   Gillett & Johnston
74. Dunkerque (Dunkirk), France, "Jean Bart" (sub-bourdon of a modern carillon) ~7000 kg 1???   ?
75. Echternach, Luxembourg, Basilica (bass bell of a peal) 6985 kg 2000   Mark
76. Echternach, Luxembourg, Basilica 6820 kg 1953 < 2007 Eijsbouts
77. Auch, Pays d'Oc, France, Cathédrale 6750 kg 18??   ?
78. Santiago de Compostela, Spain, Catedral del Apóstal Santiago 6660 kg 1989   Eijsbouts
79. Dordrecht, Zuid Holland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (#2 bell of a carillon) 6620 kg 1999   Eijsbouts
80. Santiago de Compostela, Spain, Catedral del Apóstal Santiago, "Berenguela" 6611 kg 1729   Pedro Güemes
81A. Brussels, Belgium, Sint-Michielskathedraal, "Salvator" ~6600 kg 1638   P. de Clerck & P. vanden Ghein
81B. Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (Bourdon of a carillon) ~6600 kg 1984   Eijsbouts
81C. Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands, Domtoren (Sub-bourdon of a carillon) ~6600 kg 1974   Eijsbouts
84. Berlin, Germany, Kongresshalle (#2 bell of a carillon) 6560 kg 1987   Eijsbouts
85. Hamburg, Germany, Katharinakirche 6500 kg 1626   Hans Neussel
86. Valletta, Malta, St.John's Co-Cathedral (bass bell of a zvon) ~6500 kg btwn 1660 & 1759?   ?
87A. Flanthey, Valais, Switzerland, Eglise Notre-Dame-des-sept-douleurs (sub-bass of a peal) ~6400 kg 1???   ?
87B. Regensburg, Germany, Dom, "Grosse Fürstin" 6400 kg 1696   J.G.Scheichshorn
89. Bern, Switzerland, Münster 6395 kg 1583   F.Sermund
90. Herrenberg, Germany, Glockenmuseum 6370 kg 1999   Mark
91. Ghent, Oost-Vlaanderen, Belgium, Belfort plaza, "Roeland" (#1) ~6200 kg 1660   P.Hemony
92. Ghent, Oost-Vlaanderen, Belgium, Belfort, "Roeland" (#2) (bourdon of a carillon) 6200 kg 1948   Michiels
93. Köln, Germany, Katholische Pfarrgemeinde St Aposteln, "Johannes Paul II" 6165 kg 2005   Hans-Göran Hüesker
94A. Geneva, Switzerland, Cathédrale St.Pierre, "La Clémence" (sub-bass of a peal) ~6000 kg 1902   ?
94B. Bruges, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium, Belfort, "Maria" ~6000 kg 1680   Melchior de Haze (Antwerpen)
94C. Mechelen, Antwerpen, Belgium, Sint-Romboutstoren (upper belfry) (#2 bell of a carillon) ~6000 kg 1981   Eijsbouts
94D. Den Haag, Zuid Holland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (Bourdon of a carillon) ~6000 kg 1514   Jasper & Jan Moer
98. Passau, Germany, Stephansdom, "Misericordia" 5950 kg 1999   Perner
99A. Wien (Vienna), Austria, Cathedral, "Stephanus" 5700 kg 1960   Pfundner
99B. Rotterdam, Zuid Holland, Netherlands, Stadhuis (bourdon of a carillon) 5700 kg 1948   Petit & Fritsen
101. München (Munich), Germany, Mariahilfkirche 5650 kg 19??   Czudnochowsky
102. Dordrecht, Zuid Holland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (#3 bell of a carillon) 5608 kg 1965   Eijsbouts
103. Berlin, Germany, Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church 5600 kg 1961   Rincker
104A. Köln (Cologne), Germany, Dom (Cathedral), "Speciosa" (third bell of a peal) ~5600 kg 1449   Johannes (Hoerken) de Vechel
104B. Passau, Germany, Stephansdom, "Störmerin" 5600 kg 1733   Nikolaus Drach
106. Echternach, Luxembourg, Basilica (second bell of a peal) 5530 kg 1999   Mark
107A. Douai, Nord, France, Hôtel de Ville (sub-bourdon of a carillon) 5500 kg 1924   Wauthy
107B. Arnhem, Gelderland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (former bourdon of a carillon) 5500 kg 1964   Petit & Fritsen
107C. Middelburg, Zeeland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (bourdon of a carillon) 5500 kg 1955   Van Bergen
110A. Chambéry, Savoie, France (bourdon of a carillon) ~5500 kg 1992   Paccard
110B. Leuven, Brabant, Belgium, University Library (#2 bell of a carillon) ~5500 kg 1928   Gillett & Johnston
110C. Leuven, Brabant, Belgium, Sint-Baafskathedraal, "Bavo" ~5500 kg 1636   ?
113. Berlin, Germany, Kongresshalle (#3 bell of a carillon) 5440 kg 1987   Eijsbouts
114. Bruges, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium, Belfort (bourdon of a carillon) 5381 kg 1742-48   J. du Mery
115. Seville, Spain, Cathedral, "Santa Maria" ~5362 kg 1588   Balavarca
116. Antwerp, Antwerpen, Belgium, O.L.V.Kathedraal (bourdon of a carillon) 5300 kg 1459   J.W.Hoerken
117. Rotterdam, Noord Holland, Netherlands, City Hall (bourdon of a carillon) 5173 kg 1955 1943 Taylor
118. Düren, Germany, St.Annakirche, "Anna" 5050 kg 1964   Mabilon
119. Scheyern, Germany, Klosterkirche Hl. Kreuz, "Maria" (#2 bell of a peal) 4840 kg 2009   Perner
120. Niederalteich, Germany, Klosterkirche Niederaltaich, "Mauritius" 4820 kg 2003   Perner
121. Kampen, Overijssel, Netherlands, Nieuwetoren (Bourdon of a carillon) ~4700 kg 1481   Geert van Wou
122. Saint-Amand-les-Eaux, Nord, France, Abbaye 4650 kg 1640   ?
123. Dordrecht, Zuid Holland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (#4 bell of a carillon) 4610 kg 1999   Eijsbouts
124. Victoria, Gozo, Malta, Cathedral of the Assumption 4540 kg 2004   Taylor
125. Xewkija, Gozo, Malta, Parish Church of St.John the Baptist 4515 kg 2006   Taylor
126A. Berlin, Germany, Olympic Stadium, "Olympic Bell" (replacement) 4500 kg c.1961   Bochumer Verein
126B. Regensburg, Germany, Dom, "St.Michaelsglocke" 4500 kg 1961   Perner
128. Berlin, Germany, Kongresshalle (#4 bell of a carillon) 4460 kg 1987   Eijsbouts
129. Ghent, Oost-Vlaanderen, Belgium, Belfort (#2 bell of a carillon) 4459 kg 1659-61   P.Hemony
130. Ath, Hainaut, Belgium, Eglise St.Julien (sub-bourdon of a carillon) 4070 kg 1952   Michiels
131. Venray, Limburg, Netherlands, St.Petrus Bandentoren (bass bell of a carillon) 4033 kg 1965   Eijsbouts
132. Dordrecht, Zuid Holland, Netherlands, Grote Kerk (#5 bell of a carillon) 4033 kg 1965   Eijsbouts
133A. Mechelen, Antwerpen, Belgium, Sint-Romboutstoren (upper belfry) (#3 bell of a carillon) ~4000 kg 1981   Eijsbouts
133B. Leuven, Brabant, Belgium, Sint-Baafskathedraal, "Maria" ~4000 kg 1636   ?
133C. Saint-Maurice, Lower-Valais, Switzerland, Abbey (sub-bourdon of a carillon) ~4000 kg 1998   Paccard

Comments and analysis

Records:   There seems to be no particular pattern to the heaviest bell of each country - they are a mixture of all ages.

Geography:   The old Russian Orthodox Christian culture of enormously heavy bells hung dead and rung in various liturgical and rhythmical patterns is distinctly different from the campanological culture of the rest of Europe.  Therefore those bells are listed separately.

Throughout the rest of Europe, the geographical variations in campanological culture are relatively minor, at least with respect to great bells.  Not much can be said along that line until these listings are more nearly complete.

Founders:   Before the 19th century, all of the great bells in this region were "one-off" efforts on the part of their makers, who generally were local bellfounders.  In part this may be because the market for such bells was so thin during that period.  Beginning in the 20th century, the availability of modern transport made it possible for any founder's work to be shipped to anywhere in the world.


Return to the indexes to great bells.


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This page was created 2006/10/16, and last revised 2014/01/03.

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